New PDF release: Advances in Inequalities of the Schwarz, Triangle and

By Sever S. Dragomir

ISBN-10: 1594549036

ISBN-13: 9781594549038

The aim of this publication is to provide a accomplished creation to a number of inequalities in internal Product areas that experience very important purposes in a variety of themes of up to date arithmetic reminiscent of: Linear Operators conception, Partial Differential Equations, Non-linear research, Approximation thought, Optimisation thought, Numerical research, chance conception, records and different fields.

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Extra info for Advances in Inequalities of the Schwarz, Triangle and Heisenberg Type in Inner Product Spaces

Example text

Proof. We follow the proof in [15]. Let us consider the mapping py : H × H → K, py (x, z) = x, z 2 y − x, y y, z for each y ∈ H\ {0} . 2). Remark 9. 2. INEQUALITIES RELATED TO SCHWARZ’S ONE 39 for every x, y, z ∈ H. 5) y 2 − | x ± y, y |2 ≤ x 2 y 2 − | x, y |2 for every x, y ∈ H. 5) have been obtained in [15]. 6) sup x + λy 2 y 2 − | x + λy, y |2 = x 2 y 2 − | x, y |2 λ∈K for each x, y ∈ H. 2]): Corollary 3 (Dragomir, 1985). 7) y, z + y z 2 z, x + z x 2 x, y y, z z, x . x 2 y 2 z 2 ≤ 1+2 Proof.

Kurepa proved the following generalisation of the de Bruijn result: Theorem 19 (Kurepa, 1966). Let (H; ·, · ) be a real inner product space and (HC , ·, · C ) its complexification. Then for any a ∈ H and z ∈ HC , one has the following refinement of Schwarz’s inequality 1 a 2 z 2C + | z, z¯ C | ≤ a 2 where z¯ denotes the conjugate of z ∈ HC . 68) 2 z 2 C , As consequences of this general result, Kurepa noted the following integral, respectively, discrete inequality: Corollary 10 (Kurepa, 1966). Let (S, Σ, µ) be a positive measure space and a, z ∈ L2 (S, Σ, µ) , the Hilbert space of complex-valued 2 − µ−integrable functions defined on S.

N} . Remark 5. The results in this subsection have been obtained by Dragomir and Mond in [1] for the particular case of scalar sequences x and y. 2. The Case of Mapping δ. Under the assumptions of the above subsection, we can define the following functional 2 δ (p, I, x, y) := pi xi i∈I 2 pi yi 2 − i∈I p i x i , yi , i∈I where p ∈ S+ (R) , I ∈ Pf (N) \ {∅} and x, y ∈ S (H) . Utilising Theorem 5, we may state the following results. Proposition 11. 82) δ (p + q, I, x, y) − δ (p, I, x, y) − δ (q, I, x, y)   1     ≥ det    pi xi 2 i∈I qi x i 2 2 pi yi 2 qi y i 2 i∈I 1 2 1 2 2 1 2    ≥ 0.

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Advances in Inequalities of the Schwarz, Triangle and Heisenberg Type in Inner Product Spaces by Sever S. Dragomir


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