By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe elements in either sustainable power and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation deals technique simplification and intensification in undefined, delivering inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions rate reductions and effort safety. complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable power and environmental functions offers a accomplished assessment of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane tactics and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and gasoline energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, ordinary gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for replacement strength purposes and effort garage, akin to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its exclusive editors and workforce of specialist participants, complicated membrane technology and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a accomplished evaluation of membrane technology and know-how, targeting advancements and purposes in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane strategies and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the main problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
Kim et al. (2003) prepared a hybrid TFC reverse osmosis membrane by the self-assembly of anatase TiO2 nanoparticles through coordination and H-bonding interaction with the COOH functional groups of an aromatic polyamide thin-ﬁlm layer to reduce membrane biofouling. The photocatalytic bactericidal ability of the hybrid TFC membrane was examined by determining the survival ratios of Escherichia coli cells with and without UV light illumination. Photocatalytic bactericidal efﬁciency was remarkably higher for the hybrid TFC membrane under UV light illumination than that without illumination and the neat TFC membranes.
Some investigators (Koseoglu-Imer, Kose, Altinbas, & Koyuncu, 2013) suggested that Ag nanoparticles might pass through cell barriers and then release Agþ ions. Then, Agþ ions interact with the thiol groups of enzymes and cell proteins, damage bacterial respiration, and transport systems across the cell membrane. Silver ions were employed in membrane fabrication because of their low toxicity toward humans and their antibacterial ability. , 2010; Chou, Yu, & Yang, 2005). , 2009). To take advantage of Ag nanoparticles, Ag does not necessarily need to be embedded into the membrane structure during preparation.
The addition of nanosized Al2O3 particles increased membrane permeability with no change in the membrane pore size and number, just by improving the surface hydrophilicity of the membrane. , 2005). , 2009). The ﬂux of the modiﬁed membranes was always higher (about twice) than that of the unmodiﬁed membranes owing to the improvement of membrane hydrophilicity caused by adding nanosized alumina particles into the PVDF. Interestingly, the permeation performance of the modiﬁed membrane increased signiﬁcantly without sacriﬁcing its retention properties.
Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications by Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi